Madagascar

ETC Activities

On Tuesday 7 March 2017, Cyclone Enawo made landfall in north-east Madagascar, with heavy rains and winds reaching up to 300km/h. Thousands of people were forced to leave their homes due to damage caused by the cyclone. 

ICT Profile

Country background
Country name
Madagascar
Capital city
Anantanarivo
Name of national disaster management agency
Bureau National de Gestion des Risques et des Catastrophes (BNGRC) 
Name of telecommunications ministry

Ministère des Postes, des Télécommunications et du Développement Numérique

Name of telecommunications regulator

Regulatory Authority of Communication Technologies (ARTEC)

Population

26.97 million (2019)

Country narrative

On average, Madagascar experiences over US$100 million in combined direct losses from earthquake, floods, and tropical cyclones each year. However, a specific event such as severe tropical cyclone can produce significantly larger losses. For example, results suggest that a 100-year return period tropical cyclone event would produce direct losses of $810 million and require approximately $190 million in emergency costs. 

Currency

Malagasy ariary

Key ICT statistics
Mobile-cellular subscriptions per 100 inhabitants

40.57

SOURCE: ITU, 2018

Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants

0.104

SOURCE: ITU, 2019

GSMA mobile connectivity index score
3G coverage % of population
Regulations and rules
Description

This describes some of the regulations and rules related to emergency telecommunications in Madagascar.

Regolations/Rules
Type of regulation
Disaster management
Policy name
Description

According to the law, risk management and disaster fits into the overall framework of activities relating to civil protection and security. The guiding principles are: guarantee the protection of the population and of the environment; improve the resilience of the population in cases of risks and catastrophes; and develop conditions to reduce the vulnerability of the population - although there is no explicit mention of climate change adaptation.

Type of regulation
Telecommunications
Description

The enforcement will introduce three major changes. There will be complete liberalisation of the Madagascan telecoms market; new entrants to the market will be expected to pay a minimum of EUR40 million in licence acquisition costs; and  sharing of infrastructure – namely base transceiver stations (BTS) – in order to reduce costs and impact on the environment. 

Type of regulation
Telecommunications
Policy name
Description

A multilateral treaty governing the provision and availability of communications equipment during disaster relief operations, particularly as regards the transport of radio and related equipment over international boundaries. Madagascar signed the Tampere Convention on 12 September 2002.

Communications service providers
Mobile network operator (MNO)
Company name
Airtel
Parent company name (majority holding)
Bharti Airtel
Service description
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE), 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, LTE
Coverage map (provide URL)
-
Mobile network operator (MNO)
Company name
Telma Mobile
Parent company name (majority holding)
Distacom Group, Telma SA, Hiridjee Group
Service description
CdmaOne, GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE), 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
Coverage map (provide URL)
-
Mobile network operator (MNO)
Company name
Orange
Parent company name (majority holding)
Orange S.A.
Service description
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE), LTE
Coverage map (provide URL)
-
Mobile network operator (MNO)
Company name
Blueline
Parent company name (majority holding)
Blueline
Service description
LTE
Coverage map (provide URL)
-
Local satellite service provider
Company name
TS2 SPACE
Service description
VSAT Satellite Broadband, NSS -12/Arabsat 5C satellite Internet, AfricaSat-1a C-BAND, SES4 - Internet over Africa, Europe and Americas
Local satellite service provider
Company name
Quantis
Service description
Limited packages
Local satellite service provider
Company name
BusinessCom Networks
Service description
BusinessCom Dedicated Network, BusinessCom VSAT
Signatory to Satellite Crisis Connectivity Charter?
No
Local satellite service provider
Company name
OneWeb
Service description
OneWeb Broadband Satellite
Local satellite service provider
Company name
Juch-Tech Inc.
Service description
C-Band Packages, Ku-Band Packages Residential, Small Business, Large Business, Enterprise Business
Local satellite service provider
Company name
SpaceX
Service description
SpaceX Broadband Satellite
International Connectivity Infrastructure
East Africa Submarine System (EASSy); 90% African owned [various consortia and IFI-financed]
Submarine cable of more than 10,000 km long, connecting Sudan to South Africa, with 09 landing points
Melting Pot Indianoceanic Submarine System (METISS); Emtel

3,200 km length cable connecting Reunion Island, Mauritius, Madagascar, and South Africa

Redundant fibre optic network deployed in the capital; Telma

Network of more than 100 km long  deployed, with grid coverage of 100% of administrative and economic zones of the capital 

Fibre Optical national backbone; Telma

Backbone network infrastructure spreads throughout the island, with length up to 5,000 km, and is organized in 4 secured loops

Backbone network infrastructure spreads throughout the island, with length up to 5,000 km, and is organized in 4 secured loops

Comoros, Mayotte and Madagascar connected via a 400 km long cable, with 2 landing points 

Early Warning System (EWS)

930 Hotline;  An innovative digital early warning system for natural disasters in Madagascar. The beneficiaries are able to choose between Malagasy, French, and Sakalava.

EU-funded. Managed by The National Office for Risk and Disaster Management (BNGRC) and Medair.

Humanitarian telecommunications systems
Network type
VHF
Network name
VHF
Managed by
UNDSS and others
Agencies using the network
Various; UN humanitarian community
Licensing authority
ARTEC
Network type
HF
Network name
HF
Managed by
UNDSS and others
Agencies using the network
Various; UN humanitarian community
Licensing authority
ARTEC
Network type
amateur radio (HAM)
Network name
HAM
Managed by
UNDSS and others
Agencies using the network
Various; UN humanitarian community
Licensing authority
ARTEC
Network type
UHF
Network name
UHF
Managed by
UNDSS and others
Agencies using the network
Various; UN humanitarian community
Licensing authority
ARTEC